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       Origin of name: 南Nán-South,阳yáng-sun
  Abbreviation: 宛 Wan
  Administration Type Prefecture-level cityArea 26,600 km² /Population10.7 million
  Municipality approx. 0.8 million Urban Area(2006)
  GDP ¥120billion (2006)
  Major NationalitiesHan
  County-level divisions13
  Area Code 377
  China postal code
  473000
  City flowers: Chrysanthemum&China RoseTime zone :
  Nanyang (Simplified Chinese: 南阳; Traditional Chinese: 南陽; Pinyin: Nányáng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Henan province, People's Republic of China. The city with the largest area of administration in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.Dinosaur egg fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin.
  Administration
  The prefecture-level city of Nanyang administers 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 10 counties.
  • Wolong District (卧龙区)
  • Wancheng District (宛城区)
  • Gaoxin District (高新区)
  • Dengzhou City (邓州市)
  • Xinye County (新野县)
  • Sheqi County (社旗县)
  • Tanghe County (唐河县)
  • Tongbai County (桐柏县)
  • Fangcheng County (方城县)
  • Nanzhao County (南召县)
  • Zhenping County (镇平县)
  • Neixiang County (内乡县)
  • Xixia County (西峡县)
  • Xichuan County (淅川县)
  Names
  Nanyang (Simplified Chinese: (南阳), Traditional Chinese: (南陽); pinyin: Nányáng) 南 Nán-South,阳 yáng-sun (the south side of a mountain, or the north side of a river, which in Chinese are called Yang meaning "sunny"). Wan, which means "bowl", is the abbreviation of Nanyang, because of its location in the Nanyang Basin. Nanyang was known as Wancheng (meaning "Wan City") in ancient times.
  Geography and climate
  To the north of the town, there is a mountain called Dushan(meanning Lonely Hill in Chinese), where is famous for its jade. The Dushan Jade is one of the four famous jades in China, which is very rare nowadays.
  The climate is comfortable, and the whole of Nanyang is surrounded by mountains where cattle are raised. The fields are fertile and the agriculture is well-developed.
  To the southwest is Neixiang County with the newly developing Baotianman Biosphere Reserve-an area of extremely high biodiversity in China, with 65 rare and endangered species. A new Visitor Centre in Neixiang County chronicles the natural history of the area and is well worth visiting.
  Transportation
  Railways
  Nanyang has one major railway station: Nanyang Railway Station. There are also several other small stations serving suburban area.Nanyang is a railway cross, There are railway lines: Ning-Xi line (east to Shanghai, Nanjing, Hefei……,West to Xi'an,Lanzhou……), Jiao-Liu line (Noth to Luoyang, Datong……, South to Liuzhou……)
  Roads and expressways
  Over 500 km of highway network has been built along the railway line and others. A 80km of beltway is being constructed surrounding the city.
  Airport and Airlines
  Nanyang Airport is one of the three civil aviation airports in Henan Province. It is only 10 minutes bus time from the urban. area. Passengers can take airplanes to and from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Guilin.The are also two avion airports.
  Public transit
  Nanyang city buses has about 30 lines in the urban area. Taxis are common.
  Demographics
  The whole city area has a population over 10.5 million, which is the largest prefecture-level city in China now. The Urban area has over 0.8 million people, which is the third largest city in Henan Province.It has a population of about 1 million people go out to work, especially in Zhengzhou, Guangdong Province, Beijing and Shanghai.
  The major nationality is Han, minority nationalities are Hui people, Man People,and so on.
  Culture
  Language
  Henan dialect,with easily identifiable stereotypical features.
  Wan Opera
  It is the local form of Chinese opera.
  Famous archaic people of Nanyang
  • Zhang Heng, Eastern Han Dynasty astronomer, mathematician and inventor of the firstseismometer in history.
  • Zhang Zhongjing, late Eastern Han Dynasty physician and pharmacist.
  • Zhuge Liang, renowned advisor to Liu Bei and the first chancellor of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era.
  • Han Yu, Tang Dynasty poet.

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